Most wooden items that you see around are, generally, made in a professional woodwork shop. And it is a workshop such as this, where any kind of wooden item is made from raw wood after cutting and planing.
When you visit any woodwork shop, there are many different types of tools and equipment that are used in making various kinds of wooden projects. Normally, you will find tools such as a planer, lathe, and drill press, but there are lots of other tools which you can find in the shop too.
In this piece, we take a look at some of the basic and important tools that you can find in a woodwork shop along with their uses to formulate a list of essential fixtures of a woodwork shop.
A table saw is an amazingly adaptable tool when you want to make a heavy-duty model or just a portable bench saw. It is also known as a tilting arbour saw, which is basically an upside-down electric handsaw, mounted to the underside of a steel table top with a blade that protrudes through a slot.
In the structure definition, the arbour is a shaft on which the blade spins. The axle can be tilted to the horizontal top for cutting angles. In doing so, it is either raised or lowered to adjust the cutting depth. You can fix a fence parallel to the blade for cutting along the length of a workpiece. Whenever you buy a table saw, remember that it’s made for bigger, and better cutting, like for a large stock like plywood for example.
Compound Mitre Saw
A Compound Mitre Saw is a versatile and an accurate tool generally found in any woodwork shop and is considered as a significant fixture to have in the shop. It is also known as a chop box, since it consists of a powerful circular saw mounted on an arm that is attached at the rear of the tool. When the blade is lowered in the chopping motion, it cuts through the workpiece by passing through a slot in the base.
You can make an adjustment to tilt the blade and can have compound mitre cuts, which is handy for jobs such as cutting crown mouldings, as they are set at a flipped angle. In the structure definition, the diameter of the blade determines the maximum cut width.
A Drill Press is the fixed-in-place version of a hand drill, which works wonders while doing some precise work. It has an adjustable table beneath the chuck with a hole in its centre, where a spinning drill bit passes cleanly through a workpiece.
You can get Drill Presses for both freestanding floor models, as well as benchtop designs. It is generally powered by an electric motor, which is driven by a system of pulleys or gears. The size of a Drill Press is determined by the throat, which is the distance between the supporting column at the rear and the axis on which the spindle of the drill turns. Due to its widespread use, Drill Presses are common inclusions within any woodwork shop.
A lathe is an indispensable tool when it comes to wood turnings like producing chair legs, bowls, and balusters. Here, the workpieces are prevented over a metal bed, and they spin at a high speed and shaped with the use of special chisels and gouges.
In the structure definition, the wood to be turned is fixed between the headstock and tailstock of the lathe. The headstock houses the motor that spins and the tailstock is adjustable, which moves along the length of the bed to fit workpieces of different lengths.
You can identify a planer by the width and thickness of the stock it will plane. Normally, a 12-inch model is enough for most home workshop jobs. It is important that you do not force the piece into the planer. The machine has a feed control that adjusts the speed at which the stock passes the cutter head.
When you want to have a freehand and curved cutting, a bandsaw is a great tool for doing so. Its depth makes it suitable for sawing a thick lumber. Bandsaws come in various sizes, but a 12-inch or a 14-inch model is suitable for most home workshops.
Apart from the tools and equipment, discussed above, there are lots of other instruments as well, used for different kinds of wood workshops. Visit Woodwork Machinery to have a look at a few of these amazing tools.