Ever since tools have been introduced, they have not only helped the thousands of workers but also has made their work more efficient, durable and precise. Jointer and Planer are almost the same, both functionally and look-wise to any common man, who does not know about the fine difference that separates them from one another. However, to a professional, he can always point out the difference in what they actually are.
So, in this article, we will talk about the differences between a Jointer and a Planer. To talk about them, woodworking is something that needs to be done with extreme precision and great skill. Wood workers find the jointer and the planer to be the best tools and look to master the use of both of them. So, let us see how each of the two tools is helpful in their own way.
General Overview: Jointer v/s Planer
Both of these tools are extremely big and require a great amount of skill to master them. The Jointers and the Planers are extremely expensive as well, which ensures that the workers take only the best care possible for them and moreover, only serious and skilled workers are allowed to use this.
People who are new to this profession are given a smaller and an easy-to-use tool so that they can get the hang of them and master them. These tools, as mentioned above, are expensive. But it does not stop there. Besides being expensive, they take up a lot of space in the garage as well.
So people refrain themselves from buying any other tool of similar functionality, fearing that they might lack the adequate amount of space to fit in more tools. Questions have always been asked as to which tool to go for and other essentials that are required to go about the business.
Jointers v/s Planers: What do they actually do?
A planer is one of those metalworking machine tools that takes the help of the linear relative motion technology paired with the single-point cutting tool technology to cut the work piece without any hassle and with precision.
We have all taken the help of a shaper, to fulfill various purposes in our daily life. The planer is much like the shaper, but is larger in size and another difference is the movement of the work-piece in case of the planer, while the tool moves in case of the shaper. Some of the applications of the planer have been listed below to get a better understanding of the tool.
One of the most common applications of the planers is the linear planning of the metalwork. Accurate flat surfaces can be easily generated, reducing the maximum friction possible so that the surface of the plane acts as a better body to move upon. Cutting slots is another application that falls under the linear metal working and is the most essential part of making a key.
The slots have to be spot on as far as precision is concerned and the use of planers ensures that there is no error in the making. The planer with the boring-bar type tool can even act as viable substitution for the wire EDM, and is capable of cutting and shaping internal features that are extremely difficult to master.
This type of cutting using the planer is debatable but with the use of logic and little common sense (and of course, physics), helical planning can also be achieved by the standard planers.
All you have to do is couple the table’s linear motion to the simultaneous rotation of the same. Helical milling’s idea is the same with that of the helical planning and can be achieved in the same process as this.
Now that we have progressed and made ourselves available in the era of mean and modern machines, we really can discard the use of tools that require the use of manual force.
But let’s face it, machines are much more efficient than men are, so these planers have been replaced with the work-specific machines like milling machines, broaching machines, and grinding machines. But still, there are some practical uses of these machines, like stamping and repairing the dies, injection mods and other stuffs.
To start with, some people confuse the jointers with jointers-planers, which is absolutely wrong. We have been trying to highlight the difference and cannot afford to mix the two of the best tools for metalworking. Jointers and Planers are both separate tools. Now coming to Jointers, they are woodworking machine tools that are used to produce the flat surface according to the length of the board.
The jointer works on the principle of working on the narrow edges, which gives it more precision and fixing of the butt joint and other difficult joints. They can be easily carried out, and as the name suggests, this machine is solely built for the purpose of joining two pieces of wood, rather than shaping and smoothening the edges which is the purpose of the planer.
Talking about the design, the jointer consists of narrow parallel tables with a cutter head between them with a side guide. This allows the two different pieces of wood to be held together closely to each other while the joint is being made. The tables upon which the actual machine is based, is known as the infeed and the outfeed table.
The cutting blades are the most essential part of this machine, and fixing it in the wrong height can result in accidents and of course, wrong and defective joints. Hence, the blades are adjusted according to the height and pitch of the outfeed table. This is the standard structure that is incorporated in the jointer.
There are different types of jointers and the expensive ones come in with more than the mere features. The spiral, helical and cutting head are some of the additions that are made in the expensive models, which make the joints stronger, durable and are much more efficient. Jointers have the only disadvantage of taking up large spaces in the garage and have to be adjusted and fitted in the best possible way to fit in more tools, should you feel the need of it.
Now that we have got all the detailed information about two of the handiest instruments, let us take a look at some of the neat and the recommended products that one must invest in, if they are looking to buy one.
Which One To Go For?
1. Dewalt DW734 Portable Benchtop Planer
Dewalt has been in business for a long time and as years have progressed, they have upgraded their tools to the best possible level. This portable planer actually justifies all the hype behind the tools of Dewalt. It costs less compared to its counterparts, the feel is premium and so is the functionality of it. This machine is extremely user-friendly, easy to use and is the best for DIY garages.
2. Makita 2012NB Planer
Makita has also been in the competition for some time now and they too have brought out the best in their products. Easily comparable to the Dewalt DW734 version, this planer is super quick, extremely easy to use and super efficient. It almost beats the Dewalt version in functionality but comes at a hefty price. It costs about $100 more than that of the Dewalt and this is the only reason, people prefer the Dewalt DW734 version to this one
Ridgid JP0610 Jointer
This version of the Ridgid brand has already been discontinued but its legacy still lingers around. Undoubtedly, one of the best jointers in the market, this one is extremely user friendly, goes about its business without making much noise and has an adjustable fence with stops at 45, 90 and 135 degrees, which is rare in most of the jointers nowadays.
Although out of production, this can rack up most of the jointers available in the current market and give them a real hard time.
Jet JJP-10BTOS Jointer
This jointer has been considered as one of the best and the biggest budget jointer to be released in the market. This is totally a product worth every penny invested on it and Jet has got almost everything right with this one.
The jointer has been built on a solid stand, which gives the bed the required area to work with. The bed is also big enough to accommodate large projects and the cutting blades have been designed in the best possible way to give the best joints and results.
Though it will not be recommended by a professional worker, this jointer is best suited for all the DIY garages out there.
This concludes everything that you needed to know about the planers and jointers, highlighting the fine line of difference that separates them from one another. If you are willing to buy one, consider the choices and invest wisely according to your needs.